WHAT IT LOOKS LIKE

The great plains toad is a large toad. Adults can have a body that is 110 mm long. The colour on the back is light brown with large, darker coloured patches. There are many small bumps (warts) in each of the patches. The belly is cream coloured or light gray.

Look-alikes: The great plains toad looks like the Canadian and American toads, but has much larger patches on its back. It also has a "V"-shaped bump between its eyes.


NAME

This toad gets its name because it is the most common toad in the "great plains". The "great plains" is another word for the grasslands or prairies North America.


WHERE IT LIVES

The great plains toad lives in grasslands. It lives in the prairies of central and western North America. It is found in the southwestern tip of Manitoba.

Where it lives in Manitoba.


HABITS

This toad is most active at night and sleeps by day under rocks, in thick grass or buried in the soil. It digs deep into the ground in the fall to sleep below the frost for winter.


FOOD WEB

Great plains toads eat small animals that live on the ground, mainly insects like ants or beetles. They will eat other animals without backbones, like worms or centipedes.

Snakes are the main enemies of this toad. Its tadpoles are eaten by water bugs and birds.


LIFE CYCLE

The great plains toad breeds from May to July. Females will lay their eggs in small ponds or large rainwater puddles.

Mating call of the great plains toad:

The eggs take about 3 days to hatch. The tadpoles need about 40 days to grow before changing into toadlets. The toadlets can appear from early July to late August. The toadlets start out small, only about 10 to 15 mm long.


NUMBERS

This toad has only been found in Manitoba in the last few years. No one knows how many of these toads live in each hectare of their habitat.


SPECIAL THINGS

The great plains toad is an amphibian that lives in very dry areas.


USE BY PEOPLE

Great plains toads probably aren't used by people for anything. Some people like to have toads in their yards or gardens to eat insects.